April marks the 52nd anniversary of the passage of Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, commonly known as the Federal Fair Housing Act. The Act provides legal backing for efforts to eliminate discrimination in housing opportunities and to affirmatively further housing choices for all Americans. The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development has declared April 2020 “Fair Housing Month” and Salt Lake City recognizes this important focus.
Salt Lake City’s Housing and Neighborhood Development (HAND) Division welcomes this opportunity join the Federal Government and state and local jurisdictions across America in this celebration of the rich diversity of our people and the right of all citizens to live where they choose without fear of discrimination, regardless of: race, color, religion, sex, disability, familial status and national origin.
Salt Lake City led the way to further protect individuals from housing discrimination, by enacted the Fair Housing Policy of 2009, to include: sexual orientation and gender identity or expression, of which Salt Lake County and the State of Utah later enacted.
Learn to recognize the signs of discrimination in rental, sales, lending and insurance.
Housing discrimination is rarely blatant; it is usually cleverly disguised and more often than not, can be done with a smile and a handshake. Your fair housing rights are violated when you are prevented from doing any of the following activities:
- Viewing or renting an apartment
- Viewing or purchasing a home
- Applying for or securing a home loan
- Purchasing homeowners or renters insurance
If you feel that you may have been discriminated against, the HAND encourages you to take appropriate action, https://www.slc.gov/hand/fair-housing/
Local Fair Housing Resources:
- Disability Law Center is a private, non-profit organization designed by the governor as Utah’s Protection and Advocacy agency. Their mission is to enforce and strengthen laws that protect the opportunities, choices and legal rights of Utahans with disabilities, 1-800-662-9080, www.disabilitylawcenter.org.
- Utah Anti-Discrimination & Labor Division, Fair Housing, 801-530-6801, www.laborcommission.utah.gov.
Fair Housing Facts:
According to the National Fair Housing Alliance:
- There were 28,181 complaints of housing discrimination in the United States in 2016.
- This number is likely way low. Most people don’t report racial, ethnic or religious housing discrimination. NFHA estimates that more than 4 million cases of housing discrimination occur each year.
- Housing discrimination impacts renters the most. More than 90% of all housing discrimination occurred during rental transactions, even though renters are often in greater need of affordable housing than homeowners.
- Housing discrimination isn’t getting better. If anything, it’s getting worse. 2016 saw an uptick in housing-related hate activity, and since last fall there has also been an increase in hate crimes involving people who were harassed in their neighborhoods or at home.
- A contrast of mortgage denials and approvals exists between racial and ethnic populations in Salt Lake County. The mortgage application denial rate for Hispanics (20%) in Salt Lake City is higher than that of non-Hispanics (13%). (Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council, Home Mortgage Disclosure Act)
The Disability Law Center
- Has uncovered rental housing discrimination directed toward protected classes. The Center conducts tests with matched pairs of individuals, couples or families. Testers are matched on rental eligibility characteristics so that the only significant difference between them is the factor being tested.
- On average, approximately 300 calls a year to the Disability Law Center originate from Salt Lake City residents.
- Data on fair housing testing from the Disability Law Center, the most common rental housing discrimination in Salt Lake City are primarily based on disability status, national origin, and race.
- Data collected from 2013 to 2018 showed 97 cases of confirmed disparate treatment and signs of disparate treatment, regarding housing discrimination in Salt Lake City. During this period there were a total of 1,078 reports of people who felt they had been discriminated against. Of those, 456 total required short-term assistance.
COVID-19 Housing Assistance Resources
SLC, Deferred Business License Fees for Property Owners Who Don’t Evict Renters
- April 10, 2020, SLC Mayor Erin Mendenhall declared a proclamation that defers 2020 business license fees for rental property owners who do not evict tenants for financial hardship between April 10 and three months after the end of the local emergency. Mayor Mendenhall also suspended City assistance for residential eviction activity unless it is necessary to protect public health and safety.
Utah, Moratorium on residential eviction for renters directly impacted by COVID-19
- Governor Herbert’s Executive Order, Moratorium on residential eviction for renters directly impacted by COVID-19, April 1, effective through May 15, 2020, link
- Does not create or order rent forgiveness,
- Does not apply to commercial tenants,
- Tenants will be required to pay back rent when the EO expires on May 15, 2020.
Federal, 120 Day Rental Eviction Moratorium, March 27, 2020 – July 25, 2020
- Moratorium on eviction for non-payment of rent in:
- Rental units tied to most federal vouchers (HUD, USDA, and Treasury/VAWA),
- Rental units with a federally backed mortgage,
- Renters in units covered by CARES Act mortgages,
- This includes all units in Utah that have received Federal and State LIHTC.
Utah, Mortgage Deferment
- Utah Banker Association, possible deferment of mortgage for 3-6 months, individual basis between homeowner and lender, www.utah.bank/home.
Federal, Moratorium on Foreclosures for all Federally-backed Mortgages
- Including: HUD, USDA, FHA, VA, Fannie May, and Freddie Mac, for 60 days starting March 18, 2020.
- Single Family: borrower with federally backed mortgage experiencing financial hardship due to COVID-19 may request forbearance for up to 180 days, and can be extended for another 180 days,
- Multi-Family: Owners with federally backed mortgages can request a forbearance for up to 30 days, and can be extended by another 60 days. Eviction policy then applies for renters of multi-family units.
- CARES Act, LIHEAP, $900 million (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program).
- Rocky Mountain has increased assistance funds to utility assistance organizations.
- Rocky Mountain Power and Dominion Energy have suspended disconnection to those facing financial hardships, starting March 12, 2020.
- 2-1-1, United Way of Salt Lake, community assistance resources, www.211Utah.org.
- Utah Housing Coalition, Renters Toolkit, www.UtahHousing.org.
- Utah Community Action, Case Management and Housing, and Tenant Landlord Mediation, 801-359-2444, www.UtahCA.org